Pros and Cons of Watercolor Painting | Should You Choose It?

Watercolor painting, a beloved art form known for its vibrant hues and delicate textures, has long been a popular choice for artists of all skill levels. My goal is to help you gain a better understanding of this unique medium, so you can decide whether it’s the right choice for your artistic endeavors.

Watercolor pros include portability, fast drying time, versatility, easy blending, and low maintenance. Cons consist of difficulty in correcting mistakes, limited opacity, sensitivity to moisture, and preservation challenges. Embracing these aspects can help you excel in this captivating art form.

In this article, we’ll delve into the world of watercolor by examining both its advantages and drawbacks. Join me to explore the captivating world of watercolor painting and its many nuances.

Advantages of Watercolor Painting

Watercolor painting offers numerous advantages that make it a desirable medium for artists. Here are some of the top reasons why you should consider giving watercolor painting a try:

1. Portability and ease of use

One of the most appealing aspects of watercolor painting is its portability.

With just a compact set of watercolor pans, a brush, and a small water container, you can create stunning artworks wherever inspiration strikes.

The materials are lightweight, making them perfect for plein air painting or carrying them around in your backpack.

Additionally, watercolor painting requires minimal setup, allowing you to focus more on the creative process and less on the logistics.

Portability and ease of use

2. Fast drying time

Unlike oil or acrylic paints, watercolor dries relatively quickly, which can be a significant advantage for artists on the go or those who want to create multiple pieces in a short amount of time.

This swift drying process also allows you to layer colors more efficiently, as you won’t have to wait long for the previous layer to dry before adding the next one.

3. Versatility in techniques and styles

Watercolor painting is incredibly versatile, allowing you to experiment with various techniques and styles. From wet-on-wet and dry brush to glazing and lifting, there’s no shortage of methods to explore.

This flexibility means that you can create anything from realistic portraits and landscapes to abstract designs and loose, expressive compositions.

The possibilities are endless, making watercolor an exciting medium to work with.

4. Easy blending and layering

Watercolors are known for their ability to blend seamlessly, creating smooth transitions between colors and tones.

This characteristic allows artists to achieve a wide range of effects, from soft, ethereal gradients to bold, striking contrasts.

Additionally, the transparent nature of watercolors makes layering a breeze, enabling you to build up depth and complexity in your artwork.

5. Low maintenance and cleanup

Unlike some other painting mediums, watercolor requires minimal maintenance and cleanup. There’s no need to worry about cleaning brushes with harsh solvents or dealing with toxic fumes.

Simply rinse your brushes with water, and you’re good to go. Plus, because watercolors are water-soluble, any accidental spills or messes can be easily wiped away with a damp cloth.

6. Why Do I Like Watercolors?

I remember one summer afternoon when I was traveling through a picturesque city called Rishikesh in Uttarakhand, India, and the vibrant colors of a local market caught my eye.

Equipped with my trusty watercolor set and a small sketchbook, I quickly found a cozy spot to sit and began painting.

The ease and portability of watercolors allowed me to capture the essence of the moment without any hassle. In just a short period, I had created a beautiful, impressionistic piece that I still cherish to this day.

Disadvantages of Watercolor Painting

Despite its numerous advantages, watercolor painting also comes with a few challenges that artists should be aware of. Here are some of the main drawbacks of working with this medium:

1. Difficulty in correcting mistakes

One of the most significant challenges of watercolor painting is that it can be difficult to correct mistakes once they’ve been made.

Due to the transparent nature of watercolors, it’s not as easy to paint over an error as it would be with opaque mediums like acrylic or oil.

This characteristic means that artists need to be more mindful of their brushstrokes and plan their compositions carefully to minimize the risk of errors.

By the way, if you want to avoid such errors, I have an article on Correct Ways to Paint with Watercolors. Do check it out!

2. Limited opacity and control

Although the transparency of watercolors can be seen as an advantage, it also presents some limitations.

Achieving opaque effects or covering large areas with solid color can be challenging, often requiring multiple layers or the use of more concentrated pigment.

Additionally, controlling the flow of water and paint can take some practice, as it’s easy for colors to bleed into one another unintentionally, resulting in muddy or undesired effects.

Limited opacity and control

3. Sensitivity to moisture and humidity

Watercolor paintings are susceptible to damage from moisture and humidity, as the paint can reactivate and become unstable in wet conditions.

This sensitivity means that artists must take extra care when storing and displaying their watercolor works, ensuring that they are protected from moisture and temperature fluctuations.

4. Preservation challenges

Preserving watercolor paintings can be more challenging than with other mediums, as they are prone to fading over time, particularly when exposed to sunlight.

To prevent fading, it’s essential to use high-quality, lightfast pigments and to frame your artwork under UV-protective glass.

Additionally, watercolor paintings should be stored and displayed in a controlled environment, away from direct sunlight and extreme temperatures.

5. Remembering a Time I Almost Gave Up on Watercolor

Early in my watercolor journey, I was working on a detailed landscape scene with many layers and intricate details.

After spending hours meticulously building up the composition, I made a careless mistake with a single brushstroke, resulting in an unwanted blotch of color.

My attempts to fix the error only made it worse, causing the colors to become muddy and the details to be lost.

That experience taught me the importance of planning and precision when working with watercolors and the need for patience and acceptance of the medium’s inherent challenges.

Tips for Overcoming Watercolor Challenges

1. Plan your composition in advance and work with light pencil guidelines to minimize errors.

2. Practice controlling water flow by using different brushes and varying water-to-pigment ratios.

3. Use masking fluid or tape to protect areas you want to keep clean or create sharp edges.

4. Experiment with watercolor-specific techniques, like lifting and glazing, to improve control and achieve desired effects.

5. Store and display your artwork properly, using UV-protective glass and maintaining a controlled environment to prevent fading and moisture damage.


Watercolor painting offers numerous benefits, including portability, fast drying time, versatility, easy blending, and low maintenance.

However, it also presents some challenges, such as difficulty in correcting mistakes, limited opacity, sensitivity to moisture, and preservation concerns.

By understanding and embracing these aspects, you can develop your skills and adapt to the unique nature of this medium.

Don’t let the challenges deter you – instead, dive into the world of watercolor painting and discover the endless creative possibilities that await you in this captivating art form.

Mehak Verma

I love creating both traditional and digital watercolour art. Why? As a kid, transitioning from sketch pens to paint brushes and water soluble colours was a big deal. Hope you find what you're looking for on my website.

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